The negative effects of industrialization on the environment in recent years increase concerns. More pressure is being placed on industries today to adopt environmentally friendly production processes and disposal. Documentation and labeling studies on this subject emerge as two important tools in terms of informing producer companies and consumers.
Effective certification and labeling programs bring production and consumption towards socially responsible and sustainable patterns. Eco labels are attached to products and services that meet the environmentally friendly criteria determined by official institutions, associations and certification bodies. Criteria are determined by extensive research based on the environmental impact of the product's life cycle.
Eco tags sometimes focus on certain environmental aspects of a product. It covers various environmental aspects, for example energy use, water consumption or timber resource.
In fact, eco labels are different from green symbols and similar environmental claims. Because such claims are not confirmed. However, products and services with eco labels attached to them areIt is based on standards and is evaluated and verified by an independent third party, and is guaranteed to meet certain environmental performance requirements. Ecolabels are mainly funded and supported by the national government and government support for ecolabeling programs is very important. However, eco label programs are managed by an independent organization. Therefore, industry, government and consumers are seen as vital stakeholders in any eco-labeling program.