Scientific research, which has accelerated in recent years, reveals the dramatic results of human intervention in natural ecosystems. The result of unlimited consumerism that supports industrial growth and the search for a better life both damages natural ecosystems and causes dramatic climate changes on the globe.
Sustainable ecosystems are the main goal today and are closely related to sustainability values and culture. The sustainable ecosystem is durable, independent and dynamic. Sustainable ecosystems are ecosystems that maintain diversity, productivity, soil fertility, and biogeochemical cycle rate, despite environmental disturbances.
Ecosystem is an ecological system that includes the mutual relations of living things with their non-living environment. Both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems represent a global order. All living or non-living beings perform certain tasks within this system. Living things that adapt to the ecosystem depending on their physical and chemical properties maintain the balance of the ecosystem. The disappearance of any of these entities within this system means that the balance of the ecosystem is disturbed. People also have a great responsibility in maintaining this balance. Disruption of the natural balance causes the deterioration of the ecosystem and ecological problems follow.
The basic elements of ecosystems are soil, air, plants, climate and animals, and these are effective in environmental characteristics. Climate changes adversely affect the living things in the ecosystem and those that cannot adapt to new climatic conditions are extinct. Each ecosystem has its own unique climate and diversity of life.
The ECO LABEL certification and labeling program is based on the principle of protecting ecosystems while developing standards. The main environmental conditions considered in product development can be listed as follows: climate characteristics, energy use, water use, hazardous waste water, raw material source, use of chemicals, packaging and waste. All of these have consequences that are largely damaging to ecosystems. Eco tagging The importance, potential and how a product can be kept under control are taken into account when selecting product groups for In this study, environmental problems for the product group and how effective they are are evaluated, possible environmental gains related to the product are examined and how the product is affected by ECO LABEL requirements is considered. Products bearing the ECO LABEL logo are products that have been analyzed in terms of life cycle and proven to be suitable for environmental and climatic conditions.