The purpose of different eco labeling programs is to encourage consumers to choose products that are least harmful to the environment. For this, sustainable consumption patterns must be created. Therefore, it is very important to ensure the participation of consumers in such programs. Based on this fact, like all eco labeling programs, the ECO LABEL program tries to limit any risk of uncertainty. For this purpose, the ECO LABEL program takes into account all effects of a product's life cycle and provides a reliable and verifiable evaluation method.
The ECO LABEL program adopts a multi-criteria approach to define exact labeling criteria suitable for various product groups. Generally, this approach requires comprehensive and complete life cycle analyzes that take into account all impacts a product causes throughout its life cycle.
Nearly thirty years have passed since the first eco labeling program was implemented. According to the research results on their effectiveness, eco labels have been useful in increasing the awareness and performance of sustainability. However, the fact that there are so many eco label programs in place raises concerns about reliability.
In general, the concept of sustainability is defined as the ability of a society to sustain an ecosystem or any system with continuity without deterioration, consumption and overloading of resources. According to a generally accepted definition, being sustainable means meeting the needs of today without compromising the ability to meet the needs of future generations. Especially after the Rio Conference, the concept of sustainability has gained importance all over the world. Eco-labeling studies are also sustainable is important in this respect. Evaluation of ecological potential in environmentally sensitive sectors, paying attention to the balance of protection and use of the environment, protecting natural resources from pollution, refining and reusing waste water, using energy and water resources efficiently, increasing the share of renewable energy resources, protecting biological diversity and improving environmental awareness ECO LABEL program It is also among its priority issues.
Damage to the world in production and consumption processes varies over time. With the development of technology, environmentally friendly production and consumption are increasing, but unavoidable environmental disasters are experienced one after another. In fact, the search for solutions for sustainability is much more than before.