The textile industry is considered to be the most ecologically harmful sector in the world. Environmental problems created by the textile industry arise in some production processes and are carried to the finished product. In production processes such as bleaching and subsequent dyeing, too many toxins are mixed into the product and process wastes. Controlling this pollution throughout the manufacturing process is as vital as keeping a product free of toxic effects. The introduction of artificial silk has caused the rapid depletion of forests. Petroleum-based products harm the environment. An integrated pollution control approach is needed to protect the environment from these impacts.
Wool, hemp, organic cotton, soy silk, bamboo fabrics, jute, corn fiber and similar fabrics are considered environmentally friendly fabrics as they are sourced from nature without the harmful effects of chemicals or toxins.
However, growing cotton requires large amounts of pesticides, fertilizers and water. With the increase in cotton use, almost 25 percent of the pesticides used worldwide are used for cotton production. Increasing use of cotton requires about 1 ton of water for a T-shirt. Pesticides are biologically active chemical compounds that inhibit the growth of organisms such as bacteria, fungi, algae and insects. Inhibiting the growth of these undesirable organisms improves crop yield and fiber quality. Using a large amount of water in irrigating cotton increases the salinity of the soil and decreases its productivity.
On the other hand, the use of certain chemicals in the relevant washing stages and in the desizing, washing and bleaching preparation process generates heavy biological oxygen needs in waste water. Chlorine should not be used in the bleaching process because some compounds such as chloroform form organic substances that are suspected to be carcinogenic.
As can be seen, although cotton fabrics look healthy, they create a series of adverse effects for the environment. At this point, ECO LABEL criteria are important. For the production of ecological and environmentally beneficial fabrics, ECO LABEL criteria must be applied.
Our organization has a strong staff that closely follows the developments in the world in the field of science and technology and constantly improves itself. At the same time, it uses modern test equipment and applies test methods accepted all over the world. Within this framework, it provides ECO LABEL certification services for fabrics to manufacturers.